Who decides web standards for professional web design development?The founder of the World Wide Web, Tim Berners-Lee, led to the creation of W3C. W3C stands for World World Web Consortium. It is created with the mission to improvise the user experience over the web, irrespective of the browser or device it was accessed with. Back in the old days, when explorers use to work with different technologies, it was a disastrous experience for internet users. As those websites supported on Internet Explorer displayed in the deformed format on other browsers. It wasn’t a pleasing experience for users for sure. Later, other standard organizations like Ecma, IETF, WHATWG community came in support of W3C to introduce the web-standards that grew with the need of time. Now, we will walk you through the lane of web standards that every web design agency has to adhere:
The basic standards set W3C include:
- JPEG and PNG file format for images, so that they can open across the web normally.
- WebCGM and Webp format is set for vector graphics in order to manage the quality of the image and optimize the performance of the website.
- For data visualization, SVG is a pre-decided format to ease the editing of pictures in different editing software.
- URL and URI structure of the website.
- Sitemap that needs to be in the XML format.
- Data representation format with HTML/CSS
- Data transmission protocols like HTTP and HTTPS, TCP/IP
- Data encoding and secure payment standards like PCI DSS and so on.
Mobile responsiveness:Though the idea of mobile responsiveness came only with the mobile-first approach, now, responsiveness is a more critical factor. The notion of responsiveness is to offer a flawless experience to your users irrespective of the device dimensions. Earlier, the size of the screen was standard. Thus, few of the companies started creating two prototypes of the website: one for mobile and other for the desktop screen.
Accessibility & security:When you are designing the website to serve the need of every individual accessing the web, you have to think from everyone’s perspective. But, the perspective of all people can not be the same. And, that’s why, W3C created standards that can help all the individuals associated with the project, say, writers, designers, testers, trainers, policy creators, and so on. With a notion of creating “Web for all”, the standards are set for accessibility, internationalization, the privacy of the website, and care about the security of the website.